Forte dei Marmi is a sea town and comune in the province of Lucca, in northern Tuscany (Italy).
It is the birthplace of Paola Ruffo di Calabria, Queen of the Belgians.
The census of 2001 states that Forte dei Marmi has 8,444 inhabitants, though population nearly triples during the summer, because of the hundreds of tourist who mainly come from Florence, Milan, Germany, and Russia.
Tourism is the principal activity of Forte dei Marmi’s citizens.
In Italian Forte dei Marmi means Fort of the Marbles. In fact, the town takes its name from the fortress that rises in the middle of the main square, built under Grand Duke Peter Leopold, who was to become Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1788.
The fortress was built to defend the coast from outer attacks, but in the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century it became the place where the marble quarried from the Alpi Apuane (they are the same mountains of the famous marble of Carrara) was stocked before being sent to the pier for shipping.