Millions and millions of people have walked through the Piazza dei Miracoli in pisa, looking upward to admire the leaning tower and personally acknowledging that yes, it really bends quite a lot.
But for sure not so many have asked themselves how, when and why such a masterpiece was accomplished and what efforts li ebehind maintaining it trhoughout the centuries and for the years to come.
It was the Italian poet gabriele D’Annunzio who coined the phrase “Piazza dei Miracoli” (the square of miracles) to sum up the amazement that centuries of visitors have experienced.
The complex includes the Cathedral, the Battistero, the Leaning Tower, the Monumental Cemetery, and two museums also in the square.
It was built in the XII century by the Opera della Primaziale Pisana, the official institution of the archibishop of Pisa.
The archbishop in 1092 was awaeded the title of Primate, and so the cathedral was labelled as “primaziale” hence Opera della Primaziale Pisana, work of the Pisan Primacy.
This institution is now in charge of the maintenance of the monumental complex and the money raised from entrance  fees is used to keep it intact for the centurie sto come.
Throughout the year the Opera della primaziale Pisana organizes many events. The next to come is the famous International Festival of Sacred Music called Anima Mundi. The artistic direcctor is once again Sir John Eliot Gardiner.
Two oratorio will take place in the cathedral on the opening and closing dates: one by handel (tuesday 15 sept) “isrrael in Egypt with Maestro Gardiner conducting the English Baroque Soloists and the Monteverdi Choir and the other by Haydn (friday 9 oct) “The Creation”.
On this latter date Sir John will conduct the Orchestre Revolutionaire et Romantique along with the Monteverdi Choir. These two composer have been chosen to celebrate respectively the 250th and 200th anniversaries of their deaths.
other concerts will take place in the Monumental Cemetery. Let me just also highlight the return to Anima Mundi of the violinist Viktoria Mullova and the Vienna Chorus of Voci Bianche with 500 years of history behind them.
All seven concerts are free and start at 9.00 pm


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